How does COVID-19 Spread?
- Primarily between people who are in close contact with one another (within 6 feet).
- From respiratory droplets when someone who has the disease coughs, sneezes, or talks. These droplets can land in mouths, noses, or be inhaled into the lungs of nearby people.
- COVID-19 may be spread by touching surfaces that have the virus on it, though the CDC cautions that we are still learning about this. It is not thought to be the main way the disease spreads.
Your safest choice is to stay home. The more you go out, the more you expose yourself and others to COVID-19.
Practice personal hygiene
- Regularly wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.
- If you don’t have soap or water, you can use a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol. Cover your hands and rub them together until they feel dry.
- Avoid touching your face with unwashed hands.
- Cough or sneeze into your elbow or a tissue. Wash or sanitize your hands afterward.
- If you leave your home to work, consider washing your clothes and changing your shoes after each shift.
Going out? Keep your distance and wear a face covering
It’s now required that everyone in California must wear a mask or face covering when outside of their home, with limited exceptions, such as driving alone or with household members, outdoors when you are able to maintain 6 feet of distance from non-household members, and some other exceptions and exemptions you can find on the Masks page on California’s COVID-19 Response website. A facial covering:
- Can be a fabric mask, scarf, bandana, T-shirt, sweatshirt, or towel.
- Should be multiple layers and fit snugly.
- A face shield should not be worn alone as a substitute for a fabric covering. It may be worn in addition to a fabric face covering. See California Department of Public Health guidance on face shields
- Can be homemade of a variety of materials, such as cotton, silk, or linen.
How do I stay safe while driving with others?
Before Getting into Vehicle
- If you feel sick, stay at home
- Wash or sanitize your hands
- Wear a face covering
While in the Vehicle
- Open the windows
- Always wear a face covering
- Don’t touch your eyes, nose, or mouth
While at Work
- Wash your hands frequently
- Always stay 6 feet away from others
- Wear a face covering
- Don’t share food or drink
Clean your home regularly
Every day, clean all surfaces that people touch often, such as:
- Bathroom fixtures
Immediately clean any surfaces that have bodily fluids on them, like blood or feces.
You can use most household cleaning sprays or wipes. Follow the instructions on your cleaning products.
Animals and Pets
It appears the COVID-19 virus can spread from people to animals, but the number of pets infected is small. The risk of COVID-19 spreading from animals to people is considered to be low.
Monitor Your Health
Get tested if:
- You have a fever over 100.4° Fahrenheit or 38.0° Celsius
- You’re shivering
- You have a cough
- It’s hard to breathe
- You feel tired or sore
- You can’t smell or taste anything
- Your throat hurts
- Your head hurts
- You have a runny or stuffy nose
- You have diarrhea, feel sick to your stomach, or throw up